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2 : a complete enumeration of a population; specific: a periodic governmental enumeration of population. (Source: Merriam Webster’s Dictionary).
“Kenya has been taking a census every ten years since 1948, the last one was taken in 1999. The information collected includes: demography, education, labour, housing and sanitation. The administrative hierarchy, which ranges from Provinces, Districts, Divisions, Locations, Sub-locations and Villages, is used to divide the country into Enumeration Areas (EAs). All the units are coded and given unique identifiers for purposes of data processing from the province to the smallest unit, the EA. In the office the maps are drafted at the sub location level. A sub location may have several EAs depending on its population. The maps are then printed and dispatched to the districts for verification. During the inter-censal period the cartographers embark on production of thematic maps, the main product being the Population Atlas. The Atlas together with other census publications is disseminated at Provincial level.” (Source: Odhiambo, E. A. and Ndilinge, B.M.)
This is a designated area with an average of about 100 households, but may vary from 50 to 149 households depending on the population density, terrain, and/or vastness of the area concerned. An Enumeration Area (E.A.) may be a village, group of villages or part of a village, and is so delineated to be conveniently covered by an enumerator.” (Source: KNBS, August 2010; 4).