Administrative Units


Locations and Sub-Locations

Location: Is a type of administrative region in Kenya. Locations are a fourth level Subdivision below Provinces, Districts and Divisions. Locations are further subdivided into Sub-locations. As of 1999 Census there were 2,427 locations and 6,612 sub-locations in Kenya.

Each Division in Kenya is divided into some Locations. Locations do often, but not necessarily, coincide with electoral wards. Locations are usually named after their central villages/towns. Many larger towns consist of several Locations. Each Location has a Chief, appointed by the state.(Source: Wikipedia).


Counties

The constitution of Kenya creates 47 county governments. This number is based on the delineation of administrative districts as created under the Provinces and Districts Act of 1992. (Source: www.softkenya.com/county/).

Devolution to the county governments will only be autonomous in implementation of distinct functions as listed in the Fourth Schedule (Part 2). This is in contrast with the Federal System in which Sovereignty is constitutionally divided between the Federal government and the States. The Kenyan Devolution system still maintains a Unitary Political Concept as a result of distribution of functions between the two levels of government under the Fourth schedule and also as result of Article 192 which gives the president the power to suspend a county government under certain conditions. A conflict of laws between the two levels of government is dealt with under Article 191 where National legislation will in some cases override County legislation. The relationship between the National Government and the Counties can be seen as that of a Principal and a limited autonomy Agent as opposed to an Agent and Agent relation in the Federal System. More checks and balances have been introduced as requirements for accountability of both levels of government. The Parliament (Senate and National Assembly) has much discretion on the budgetary allocations to the County Governments. Every Five years the Senate receives recommendations from the Commission of Revenue Allocation (Article 217) and a resolution is passed on the criteria for Revenue allocation.

The National Government is constitutionally barred from intruding with the county government role under the Fourth Schedule unless in certain cases which may require parliament approval Article 191 and 192. The National Government has a role to play in the County level by performing all the other functions that are not assigned to the County Government as listed on the Fourth Schedule (Part 1). (Source: Wikipedia).